A Typology of Possession Based on the Languages of Ob-Yenisseic Area

Project: Research project

Grant Program

The languages of the project (Eastern Khanty, Southern Selkup, Chulym Turkic, Teleut and Ket) are underdescribed and highly endangered languages (the total number of speakers of Southern Selkup,
Eastern Khanty and Chulym Turkic is under 20, while Ket - under 100). The study of possession in the languages of the project has not been completed yet and the existing works on this topic do not cover a wide range of functions and types of possessive constructions attested in these languages. There are very few studies of possession based on the data of these languages performed within a modern typological
perspective taking into consideration the most recent typological parameters for the study of possession. The project aims at designing a typology of possession for the underdescribed and highly endangered languages of Western Siberia, Ob-Yenniseic river basin, in particular.
The project focuses on creating a "typological portrait" of these languages: the description of a wide range of possessive constructions in structurally diverse and genetically unrelated/remotely related languages of the Ob-Yenniseic area. The research focuses on both adnominal possession and predicative possession the study of which will be performed within a general typological perspective, grammaticalization theory, information structure theory, and will cover the pragmatic aspects of possession. Being a universal category, possession does not have universal ways of manifesting possessive relations in languages: the languages of the world demonstrate a variety of means for marking possessive relations (lexical, morphological, syntactic means). Besides such a formal variation, possessive constructions have various functions and meanings: ownership, part-whole, kinship, associative possession, definiteness/indefiniteness, and have pragmatic functions.

Project Description

The languages of the project (Eastern Khanty, Southern Selkup, Chulym Turkic, Teleut and Ket) are underdescribed and highly endangered languages (the total number of speakers of Southern Selkup,
Eastern Khanty and Chulym Turkic is under 20, while Ket - under 100). The study of possession in the languages of the project has not been completed yet and the existing works on this topic do not cover a wide range of functions and types of possessive constructions attested in these languages. There are very few studies of possession based on the data of these languages performed within a modern typological
perspective taking into consideration the most recent typological parameters for the study of possession. The project aims at designing a typology of possession for the underdescribed and highly endangered languages of Western Siberia, Ob-Yenniseic river basin, in particular.
The project focuses on creating a "typological portrait" of these languages: the description of a wide range of possessive constructions in structurally diverse and genetically unrelated/remotely related languages of the Ob-Yenniseic area. The research focuses on both adnominal possession and predicative possession the study of which will be performed within a general typological perspective, grammaticalization theory, information structure theory, and will cover the pragmatic aspects of possession. Being a universal category, possession does not have universal ways of manifesting possessive relations in languages: the languages of the world demonstrate a variety of means for marking possessive relations (lexical, morphological, syntactic means). Besides such a formal variation, possessive constructions have various functions and meanings: ownership, part-whole, kinship, associative possession, definiteness/indefiniteness, and have pragmatic functions.
Short titlePossession in Ob-Yeniseic Linguistic Area
Acronym РГНФ № 15-04-00406а
StatusActive
Effective start/end date1/1/1512/31/20

Keywords

  • possession
  • typology
  • endangered languages
  • Siberia
  • linguistics