γ-Na0.96V2O5: A New Competitive Cathode Material for Sodium-Ion Batteries Synthesized by a Soft Chemistry Route

Nicolas Emery, Rita Baddour-Hadjean, Dauren Batyrbekuly, Barbara Laïk, Zhumabay Bakenov, Jean Pierre Pereira-Ramos

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new cathode material for sodium-ion batteries, the sodium vanadium bronze γ-Na0.96V2O5, is easily synthesized by chemical sodiation of the γ′-V2O5 polymorph at room temperature. This low-cost soft chemistry route leads to fine particles with high purity and high crystallinity. The crystal features and morphology of the γ-Na0.96V2O5 material have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. It exhibits a layered structure with orthorhombic symmetry (Pnma space group) isomorphic to that of the lithiated γ-LiV2O5 bronze. This cathode material is evaluated by charge-discharge experiments. Promising electrochemical performance is outlined. A quantitative Na extraction process is observed at a high voltage of 3.4 V versus Na+/Na, and a reversible electrochemical behavior is demonstrated with an initial specific capacity of 125 mAh g-1, which remains at 112 mAh g-1 after 50 cycles at C/5. The structural reversibility of the sodium extraction-insertion reaction in γ-Na0.96V2O5 is demonstrated upon cycling. This new vanadium bronze competes with the well-known cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries such as NaNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 and NaFePO4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5305-5314
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume30
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 14 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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