A Comprehensive Review of Topical Odor-Controlling Treatment Options for Chronic Wounds

Alma Akhmetova, Timur Saliev, Iain U Allan, Matthew J Illsley, Talgat Nurgozhin, Sergey Mikhalovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The process of wound healing is often accompanied by bacterial infection or critical colonization, resulting in protracted inflammation, delayed reepithelization, and production of pungent odors. The malodor produced by these wounds may lower health-related quality of life and produce psychological discomfort and social isolation. Current management focuses on reducing bacterial activity within the wound site and absorbing malodorous gases. For example, charcoal-based materials have been incorporated into dressing for direct adsorption of the responsible gases. In addition, multiple topical agents, including silver, iodine, honey, sugar, and essential oils, have been suggested for incorporation into dressings in an attempt to control the underlying bacterial infection. This review describes options for controlling malodor in chronic wounds, the benefits and drawbacks of each topical agent, and their mode of action. We also discuss the use of subjective odor evaluation techniques to assess the efficacy of odor-controlling therapies. The perspectives of employing novel biomaterials and technologies for wound odor management are also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)598-609
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 30 2016

Fingerprint

Wounds and Injuries
Bandages
Bacterial Infections
Gases
Social Isolation
Honey
Charcoal
Biocompatible Materials
Volatile Oils
Silver
Iodine
Wound Healing
Adsorption
Quality of Life
Psychology
Inflammation
Technology
Odorants
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Administration, Topical
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Charcoal
  • Deodorants
  • Honey
  • Humans
  • Iodine
  • Metronidazole
  • Odorants
  • Silver Compounds
  • Wound Healing
  • Journal Article
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medical–Surgical
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

Cite this

A Comprehensive Review of Topical Odor-Controlling Treatment Options for Chronic Wounds. / Akhmetova, Alma; Saliev, Timur; Allan, Iain U; Illsley, Matthew J; Nurgozhin, Talgat; Mikhalovsky, Sergey.

In: Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing, Vol. 43, No. 6, 30.09.2016, p. 598-609.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Akhmetova, Alma ; Saliev, Timur ; Allan, Iain U ; Illsley, Matthew J ; Nurgozhin, Talgat ; Mikhalovsky, Sergey. / A Comprehensive Review of Topical Odor-Controlling Treatment Options for Chronic Wounds. In: Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing. 2016 ; Vol. 43, No. 6. pp. 598-609.
@article{e1ad3488ca3d44baa2e8168e4faf6281,
title = "A Comprehensive Review of Topical Odor-Controlling Treatment Options for Chronic Wounds",
abstract = "The process of wound healing is often accompanied by bacterial infection or critical colonization, resulting in protracted inflammation, delayed reepithelization, and production of pungent odors. The malodor produced by these wounds may lower health-related quality of life and produce psychological discomfort and social isolation. Current management focuses on reducing bacterial activity within the wound site and absorbing malodorous gases. For example, charcoal-based materials have been incorporated into dressing for direct adsorption of the responsible gases. In addition, multiple topical agents, including silver, iodine, honey, sugar, and essential oils, have been suggested for incorporation into dressings in an attempt to control the underlying bacterial infection. This review describes options for controlling malodor in chronic wounds, the benefits and drawbacks of each topical agent, and their mode of action. We also discuss the use of subjective odor evaluation techniques to assess the efficacy of odor-controlling therapies. The perspectives of employing novel biomaterials and technologies for wound odor management are also presented.",
keywords = "Administration, Topical, Anti-Infective Agents, Charcoal, Deodorants, Honey, Humans, Iodine, Metronidazole, Odorants, Silver Compounds, Wound Healing, Journal Article, Review",
author = "Alma Akhmetova and Timur Saliev and Allan, {Iain U} and Illsley, {Matthew J} and Talgat Nurgozhin and Sergey Mikhalovsky",
year = "2016",
month = "9",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1097/WON.0000000000000273",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "598--609",
journal = "Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing",
issn = "1071-5754",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Comprehensive Review of Topical Odor-Controlling Treatment Options for Chronic Wounds

AU - Akhmetova, Alma

AU - Saliev, Timur

AU - Allan, Iain U

AU - Illsley, Matthew J

AU - Nurgozhin, Talgat

AU - Mikhalovsky, Sergey

PY - 2016/9/30

Y1 - 2016/9/30

N2 - The process of wound healing is often accompanied by bacterial infection or critical colonization, resulting in protracted inflammation, delayed reepithelization, and production of pungent odors. The malodor produced by these wounds may lower health-related quality of life and produce psychological discomfort and social isolation. Current management focuses on reducing bacterial activity within the wound site and absorbing malodorous gases. For example, charcoal-based materials have been incorporated into dressing for direct adsorption of the responsible gases. In addition, multiple topical agents, including silver, iodine, honey, sugar, and essential oils, have been suggested for incorporation into dressings in an attempt to control the underlying bacterial infection. This review describes options for controlling malodor in chronic wounds, the benefits and drawbacks of each topical agent, and their mode of action. We also discuss the use of subjective odor evaluation techniques to assess the efficacy of odor-controlling therapies. The perspectives of employing novel biomaterials and technologies for wound odor management are also presented.

AB - The process of wound healing is often accompanied by bacterial infection or critical colonization, resulting in protracted inflammation, delayed reepithelization, and production of pungent odors. The malodor produced by these wounds may lower health-related quality of life and produce psychological discomfort and social isolation. Current management focuses on reducing bacterial activity within the wound site and absorbing malodorous gases. For example, charcoal-based materials have been incorporated into dressing for direct adsorption of the responsible gases. In addition, multiple topical agents, including silver, iodine, honey, sugar, and essential oils, have been suggested for incorporation into dressings in an attempt to control the underlying bacterial infection. This review describes options for controlling malodor in chronic wounds, the benefits and drawbacks of each topical agent, and their mode of action. We also discuss the use of subjective odor evaluation techniques to assess the efficacy of odor-controlling therapies. The perspectives of employing novel biomaterials and technologies for wound odor management are also presented.

KW - Administration, Topical

KW - Anti-Infective Agents

KW - Charcoal

KW - Deodorants

KW - Honey

KW - Humans

KW - Iodine

KW - Metronidazole

KW - Odorants

KW - Silver Compounds

KW - Wound Healing

KW - Journal Article

KW - Review

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84989238715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84989238715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/WON.0000000000000273

DO - 10.1097/WON.0000000000000273

M3 - Review article

C2 - 27684356

AN - SCOPUS:84989238715

VL - 43

SP - 598

EP - 609

JO - Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing

JF - Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing

SN - 1071-5754

IS - 6

ER -