A damage-based numerical analysis of brittle rocks failure mechanism

H. Molladavoodi, A. Mortazavi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


The dominant causes of irreversible rock deformations are damage process and plastic flow. Most of the existing elasticplastic models employed in the analysis and design of rock structures only consider the plastic flow and ignore the full damage process. The common plastic models used to simulate the rock failure, does not model the rock realistically and often the important issues such as stiffness degradation, softening, and significant differences in rock response under tensile and compressive loadings are ignored. Therefore, the use of realistic damage models is essential in the design process of rock structures. In this paper, the pseudo-logarithmic damage tensor, its conjugate thermodynamic force, and energy equivalence principle were used. In the definition of rock damage yield function, many authors considered only the tensile microcracking (mode Ι). Since quasi-brittle materials such as rock degrade under tensile and shear microcracking (mode II), separate positive and negative damage yield functions were introduced. The proposed damage yield functions are formulated in the framework of a damage model which was coded in C environment and implemented into a commercial code. Accordingly, the proposed model was applied to the simulation of brittle rocks behavior. The uniaxial compressive and tensile testing of a brittle rock was simulated numerically and numerical findings were compared against experimental data and analytical solution. The analysis results show a very good match between numerical, experimental data, and analytical solution especially in the post-elastic region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)991-1003
Number of pages13
JournalFinite Elements in Analysis and Design
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Constitutive model
  • Damage mechanics
  • Damage yield function
  • Rock damage
  • Strain softening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Applied Mathematics

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