A Dual-Band Integrated Network Analyzer For Water Solvent specific RF Bio-sensors

Mayank Awasthi, Syed Azeemuddin, Annesha Mazumder, Mohammad Hashmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A solvent-specific novel Integrated Biosensing Network Analyser (IBNA) for the detection of materials with varying dielectric constant (i.e., permittivity) is reported in this paper. The proposed IBNA works on the concept that any change in permittivity of the Material Under Test (MUT) results in a change in capacitance of the RF Bio Liquid cavity’s resonant frequency measured by the Measurement Unit. An interdigitated capacitor-based RF bioliquid cavity resonating at 2.3 GHz performs the sensing operation, while a Dual Band Six-Port Reflectometer (DBSPR) with an operating frequency of 1.1 GHz and 2.3 GHz facilitates the measurement of the s-parameters and hence the extraction of permittivities. The DBSPR operating at 1.2 GHz and 2.3 GHz required development of a dual-band coupler which exhibits |S11| of -30 dB and -25 dB and bandwidth of 573 MHz and 644 MHz at the chosen design frequencies. It also required design of a dual-band power dividers which possess |S11| of -21.5 dB and -34.5 dB with a bandwidth of 301 MHz and 264 MHz at the design frequency. The eventual prototype of DBSPR achieves respective bandwidths of 254 MHz and 215 MHz at 1.12 GHz and 2.26 GHz. The resonant frequency of the designed Sensing Unit loaded with water is 2.483 GHz and this falls in the second band of the DBSPR. Finally, the detection of 1 M Glucose and Sucrose is performed in simulation and experiments and these yield excellent respective frequency shifts of 15 MHz and 20 MHz at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


  • bio-sensing
  • Biosensors
  • Dual band
  • dual-band spr
  • Frequency measurement
  • integrated biosensing network analyser
  • Radio frequency
  • Resonant frequency
  • Sensors
  • Solvents
  • spr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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