A model of macroevolution as a branching process based on innovations

Stephanie Keller-Schmidt, Konstantin Klemm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We introduce a model for the evolution of species triggered by generation of novel features and exhaustive combination with other available traits. Under the assumption that innovations are rare, we obtain a bursty branching process of speciations. Analysis of the trees representing the branching history reveals structures qualitatively different from those of random processes. For a tree with n leaves generated by the introduced model, the average distance of leaves from root scales as (log n) 2 to be compared to log n for random branching. The mean values and standard deviations for the tree shape indices depth (Sackin index) and imbalance (Colless index) of the model are compatible with those of real phylogenetic trees from databases. Earlier models, such as the Aldous' branching (AB) model, show a larger deviation from data with respect to the shape indices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1250043
JournalAdvances in Complex Systems
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Branching model
  • Colless index
  • Depth scaling
  • Imbalance
  • Macroevolution
  • Phylogenetic tree

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A model of macroevolution as a branching process based on innovations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this