A multi-criteria decision-making framework for building sustainability assessment in Kazakhstan

Gulzhanat Akhanova, Abid Nadeem, Jong R. Kim, Salman Azhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Kazakhstan is the largest greenhouse gas emitter in Central Asia. The country has a significant renewable energy potential from solar, wind, hydro and biomass. Despite this, very small amounts of alternative energy sources have been used. Renewable sources such as wind, solar, small hydro and bioenergy currently contribute less than 1% of the country's energy mix. The building sector in Kazakhstan accounts for 30% of final energy consumption. In this regard, the role of the construction industry is extremely important due to its significant share in energy consumption and carbon emissions. This paper presents the results of the development of Kazakhstan's Building Sustainability Assessment framework. Stepwise weight assessment ratio analysis (SWARA) method was employed to calculate and allocate weights of assessment categories and indicators in the assessment framework. The reliability of the developed framework was validated by comparing its performance sensitivity with fours rating systems, namely, BREEAM, LEED, CASBEE, and SBTool for the categories of the proposed framework. The output of the research can produce a useful reference to the green building policymakers in the country. Also, the proposed framework can be adapted for use in Kazakhstan's neighboring countries which share similar climatic zones and conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101842
JournalSustainable Cities and Society
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


  • Building Sustainability assessment
  • Kazakhstan
  • Step-wise weight assessment ratio analysis (SWARA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Transportation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A multi-criteria decision-making framework for building sustainability assessment in Kazakhstan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this