A review of recent developments and advances in eco-friendly geopolymer concrete

Lahiba Imtiaz, Sardar Kashif Ur Rehman, Shazim Ali Memon, Muhammad Khizar Khan, Muhammad Faisal Javed

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The emission of CO2 and energy requirement in the production of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) causes the continuous depletion of ozone layer and global warming. The introduction of geopolymer concrete (GPC) technology in the construction industry leads to sustainable development and cleaner environment by reducing environmental pollution. In this article, constituents of GPC and their influence on properties of GPC has been reviewed critically. Fresh and hardened properties of GPC as well as the factors influencing these properties are discussed in detail. Flow charts have been proposed to show which factors have higher/lower impact on the fresh and hardened properties of GPC. A comprehensive review on the mix design of GPC, nanomaterial-based GPC, 3D printing using GPC, reinforced GPC and Global warming potential (GWP) assessment was conducted. Finally, the practical applications of GPC in the construction industry are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7838
Pages (from-to)1-56
Number of pages56
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2020


  • 3D printing
  • Activators geopolymer concrete (GPC)
  • Aluminosilicates
  • Geopolymer OPC concrete
  • Global warming potential (GWP)
  • Graphene-based GPC
  • Mix design
  • Reinforced geopolymer concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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