A revisit to the separation of a binary mixture of ethanol-water using ultrasonic distillation as a separation process

Sergey Spotar, Asad Rahman, Ooi Chel Gee, Kon Kee Jun, Sivakumar Manickam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ethanol separation from binary ethanol-water mixture by utilizing "ultrasonic atomization" or 'ultrasonic distillation' has been investigated and inferred as a case of evaporation. It was assumed that the operation of ultrasonic transducer reveals itself as mechanical agitation where the ultrasonic energy is ultimately regarded as heat input into the separation unit. Thus the local deviations from non-equilibrium owing to the propagation of ultrasonic waves through the bulk liquid were excluded from consideration. The process is accompanied by an enlargement of total vapor-liquid interfacial area due to the generation of atomized mist droplets that are supposed to have the same composition as that of bulk liquid. It contradicts with the previous concept of 'ultrasonic distillation' where the mist droplets were characterized by a higher percentage of volatile (ethanol) fraction. Consequently, this study demonstrates that ethanol enrichment process reported earlier might still be assessed by assuming that initial mist droplets have the same composition as that of the bulk liquid mixture. Thus, either by ultrasonic distillation or by bubbling carrier gas through the bulk liquid or even blowing it over the surface of the liquid, the conversion of liquid into vapour phase occurs and could be interpreted as equivalent to evaporation phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification
Volume87
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Aeration
  • Cavitation
  • Diffusion
  • Distillation
  • Evaporation
  • Interface
  • Separation
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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