A Study of Household Coal Demand and its Implications for Rural Energy Policies

Zauresh Atakhanova, Peter Howie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Household use of coal creates high levels of indoor and outdoor pollution affecting human health and the environment. However, millions of people across northern Asia and some parts of Europe continue using coal for space heating and cooking. As a result, the case of Kazakhstan is of interest because 70% of its rural households use coal for heating. Availability of a relatively large dataset allows for identifying determinants of household coal demand and making policy recommendations. By analyzing Kazakhstan’s household budget survey data, we find that lack or limited access to alternative heating systems, low coal prices, and low energy efficiency of the housing stock are the main factors leading to high rates of residential coal use in Kazakhstan. In addition, we find that in the absence of relevant policies, household demand for coal for space heating should be expected to grow with income. As a result, if the government implements policies to increase coal prices, it should introduce concurrent policies that increase access to alternative heating systems and incentivize energy efficiency improvements.
Original languageEnglish
JournalResources Policy
Publication statusSubmitted - Mar 29 2016

Fingerprint

rural energy
energy policy
coal
heat pump
demand
Kazakhstan
heating
energy efficiency
energy
efficiency
household
Energy policy
Household
government policy
budget
housing
Heating
income
determinants
pollution

Cite this

Atakhanova, Z., & Howie, P. (2016). A Study of Household Coal Demand and its Implications for Rural Energy Policies. Manuscript submitted for publication.

A Study of Household Coal Demand and its Implications for Rural Energy Policies. / Atakhanova, Zauresh; Howie, Peter.

In: Resources Policy, 29.03.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{54b8c3ad5e324318a84707af649f5af7,
title = "A Study of Household Coal Demand and its Implications for Rural Energy Policies",
abstract = "Household use of coal creates high levels of indoor and outdoor pollution affecting human health and the environment. However, millions of people across northern Asia and some parts of Europe continue using coal for space heating and cooking. As a result, the case of Kazakhstan is of interest because 70{\%} of its rural households use coal for heating. Availability of a relatively large dataset allows for identifying determinants of household coal demand and making policy recommendations. By analyzing Kazakhstan’s household budget survey data, we find that lack or limited access to alternative heating systems, low coal prices, and low energy efficiency of the housing stock are the main factors leading to high rates of residential coal use in Kazakhstan. In addition, we find that in the absence of relevant policies, household demand for coal for space heating should be expected to grow with income. As a result, if the government implements policies to increase coal prices, it should introduce concurrent policies that increase access to alternative heating systems and incentivize energy efficiency improvements.",
author = "Zauresh Atakhanova and Peter Howie",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "29",
language = "English",
journal = "Resources Policy",
issn = "0301-4207",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Study of Household Coal Demand and its Implications for Rural Energy Policies

AU - Atakhanova, Zauresh

AU - Howie, Peter

PY - 2016/3/29

Y1 - 2016/3/29

N2 - Household use of coal creates high levels of indoor and outdoor pollution affecting human health and the environment. However, millions of people across northern Asia and some parts of Europe continue using coal for space heating and cooking. As a result, the case of Kazakhstan is of interest because 70% of its rural households use coal for heating. Availability of a relatively large dataset allows for identifying determinants of household coal demand and making policy recommendations. By analyzing Kazakhstan’s household budget survey data, we find that lack or limited access to alternative heating systems, low coal prices, and low energy efficiency of the housing stock are the main factors leading to high rates of residential coal use in Kazakhstan. In addition, we find that in the absence of relevant policies, household demand for coal for space heating should be expected to grow with income. As a result, if the government implements policies to increase coal prices, it should introduce concurrent policies that increase access to alternative heating systems and incentivize energy efficiency improvements.

AB - Household use of coal creates high levels of indoor and outdoor pollution affecting human health and the environment. However, millions of people across northern Asia and some parts of Europe continue using coal for space heating and cooking. As a result, the case of Kazakhstan is of interest because 70% of its rural households use coal for heating. Availability of a relatively large dataset allows for identifying determinants of household coal demand and making policy recommendations. By analyzing Kazakhstan’s household budget survey data, we find that lack or limited access to alternative heating systems, low coal prices, and low energy efficiency of the housing stock are the main factors leading to high rates of residential coal use in Kazakhstan. In addition, we find that in the absence of relevant policies, household demand for coal for space heating should be expected to grow with income. As a result, if the government implements policies to increase coal prices, it should introduce concurrent policies that increase access to alternative heating systems and incentivize energy efficiency improvements.

M3 - Article

JO - Resources Policy

JF - Resources Policy

SN - 0301-4207

ER -