Problem solving is a crucial skill in product de- velopment. Any lack of effective decision making at an early design stage will affect productivity and increase costs and the lead time for the other stages of the product devel- opment life cycle. This could be improved by the use of a simple and informative approach which allows the designers and engineers to make decisions in product design by pro- viding useful knowledge. This paper presents a novel A3 thinking approach to problem solving in product design, and provides a new A3 template which is structured from a combination of customised elements (e.g. the 8 Disciplines approach) and reflection practice. This approach was vali- dated using a case study in the electromagnetic compatibil- ity (EMC) design issue for an automotive electrical sub- assembly product. The main advantage of the developed approach is to create and capture the useful knowledge in a simple manner. Moreover, the approach provides a reflec- tion section allowing the designers to turn their experience of design problem solving into proper learning and to rep- resent their understanding of the design solution. These will be systematically structured (e.g. as a design checklist) to be circulated and shared as a reference for future design pro- jects. Thus, the recurrence of similar design problems will be prevented and will aid the designers in adopting the expected EMC test results.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
- A3 Thinking
- Knowledge-driven design
- Problem solving
- Product design