Adaptation of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans to high grade sphalerite concentrate

D. F. Haghshenas, E. Keshavarz Alamdari, M. Amouei Torkmahalleh, B. Bonakdarpour, B. Nasernejad

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34 Citations (Scopus)


In this study different strategies were employed for adapting Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans cells to both Zn2+ ions and high grade sphalerite concentrate. The serial subculturing was found to be a very efficient strategy for adapting A. ferrooxidans cells to higher Zn2+ concentrations, as well as high grade sphalerite concentrate, provided that a suitable protocol was employed. Adaptation of A. ferrooxidans cells to 30 g/L Zn2+ significantly enhanced the rate of bioleaching of Zn2+ from high grade sphalerite concentrate. Preadaptation to Zn2+ ion also shortened the time required to adapt the cells to the concentrate. A. ferrooxidans PTCC 1642, exhibited a higher rate of Zn2+ bioleaching from high grade sphalerite concentrate compared to A. ferrooxidans DSMZ 583; however, due to the adaptation protocol employed the difference in performance of the two strains was not very great. Based on the results obtained in this study suggestions were given for the mechanisms during the adaptation of A. ferrooxidans cells to high grade sphalerite concentrate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1299-1306
Number of pages8
JournalMinerals Engineering
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2009


  • Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans
  • Adaptation
  • Bioleaching
  • High grade sphalerite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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