Adsorption of anionic and cationic dyes by activated carbons, PVA hydrogels, and PVA/AC composite

Susan R. Sandeman, Vladimir M. Gun'ko, Olga M. Bakalinska, Carol A. Howell, Yishan Zheng, Mykola T. Kartel, Gary J. Phillips, Sergey V. Mikhalovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The textural and adsorption characteristics of a series of activated carbons (ACs), porous poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) gels, and PVA/AC composites were studied using scanning electron microscopy, mercury porosimetry, adsorption of nitrogen (at 77.4K), cationic methylene blue (MB), anionic methyl orange (MO), and Congo red (CR) from the aqueous solutions. Dye-PVA-AC-water interactions were modeled using the semiempirical quantum chemical method PM6. The percentage of dye removed (Crem) by the ACs was close to 100% at an equilibrium concentration (Ceq) of less than 0.1mM but decreased with increasing dye concentration. This decrease was stronger at Ceq of less than 1mM, and Crem was less than 50% at a Ceq of 10-20mM. For PVA and the PVA/AC composite containing C-7, the Crem values were minimal (eq range. For symmetrical CR ions, adsorbed over a narrow Ceq range, the f(ΔG) plot includes mainly one narrow peak. MB has a minimal molecular size at a planar geometry (especially important for effective adsorption in slit-shaped pores) which explains its greater adsorptive capacity over that of MO or CR. Dye adsorption was greatest for ACs with the largest surface area but as molecular size increases adsorption depends to a greater extent on the pore size distribution in addition to total and nanopore surface areas and pore volume.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)582-592
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume358
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Hydrogels
Activated carbon
Alcohols
Coloring Agents
Dyes
Adsorption
Congo Red
Composite materials
Methylene Blue
Nanopores
Mercury (metal)
Mercury
Pore size
Nitrogen
Gels
Ions
Scanning electron microscopy
Carbon
Geometry
Water

Keywords

  • Activated carbons
  • Congo red
  • Cryogelation
  • Dye adsorption
  • Macroporous poly(vinyl alcohol) hydrogel
  • Methyl orange
  • Methylene blue
  • PVA/AC composite
  • Textural characteristics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Sandeman, S. R., Gun'ko, V. M., Bakalinska, O. M., Howell, C. A., Zheng, Y., Kartel, M. T., ... Mikhalovsky, S. V. (2011). Adsorption of anionic and cationic dyes by activated carbons, PVA hydrogels, and PVA/AC composite. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 358(2), 582-592. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2011.02.031

Adsorption of anionic and cationic dyes by activated carbons, PVA hydrogels, and PVA/AC composite. / Sandeman, Susan R.; Gun'ko, Vladimir M.; Bakalinska, Olga M.; Howell, Carol A.; Zheng, Yishan; Kartel, Mykola T.; Phillips, Gary J.; Mikhalovsky, Sergey V.

In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 358, No. 2, 15.06.2011, p. 582-592.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sandeman, SR, Gun'ko, VM, Bakalinska, OM, Howell, CA, Zheng, Y, Kartel, MT, Phillips, GJ & Mikhalovsky, SV 2011, 'Adsorption of anionic and cationic dyes by activated carbons, PVA hydrogels, and PVA/AC composite', Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 358, no. 2, pp. 582-592. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2011.02.031
Sandeman, Susan R. ; Gun'ko, Vladimir M. ; Bakalinska, Olga M. ; Howell, Carol A. ; Zheng, Yishan ; Kartel, Mykola T. ; Phillips, Gary J. ; Mikhalovsky, Sergey V. / Adsorption of anionic and cationic dyes by activated carbons, PVA hydrogels, and PVA/AC composite. In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 2011 ; Vol. 358, No. 2. pp. 582-592.
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