Agents of innovation: Clusters in industry 4.0

Mariza Tsakalerou, Saltanat Akhmadi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Intelligent manufacturing has spurred an unprecedented growth of inventive activity as evidenced by the exponential growth of patent applications relevant to Industry 4.0. This growth however is driven by relatively few applicants and an apparent regional concentration of inventive activity in the form of industrial clusters. The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) has identified the top innovation clusters in terms of patent applications and recorded their primary characteristics. In this paper WIPO data are mined to develop new insights into industrial clusters and their impact on innovation in Industry 4.0. The major objective is to contribute towards a better understanding of industrial clusters, not just as examples of economic agglomeration but primarily as innovation agents. The findings of this paper provide valuable insights into those cluster characteristics that are conducive to world-class innovation performance and hints at the collaborative dynamics of their structure that need to change for improved efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-327
Number of pages9
JournalProcedia Manufacturing
Issue numberC
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event30th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM 2021 - Athens, Greece
Duration: Sept 7 2021Sept 10 2021


  • Digital transformation
  • Industrial clusters, innovation management
  • Intelligent manufacturing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence


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