Agrarian adaptations in Tajikistan

Land reform, water and law

William C. Rowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Central Asia, agriculture and water management have ranked as the two most important economic activities in this arid environment. These activities gained even more prominence during the Soviet era as planners expanded irrigation into previously marginal land that bolstered their vision that the best land be allocated exclusively for cotton production. In the wake of the fall of the Soviet Union, Tajikistan has enacted laws meant to expand and clarify land use categories to meet the dual targets of expanding food production within the country while maintaining as much land as possible in cotton production - their economic mainstay. To this end, the Tajik government instituted five categories of land tenure. Though comprehensive, these new dispositions merely mask a continuation of top-down agrarian decision making implemented during the Soviet period. Consequently, this change has created new problems for farm labourers as they struggle to adapt to post-Soviet life and negotiate with the new bureaucracy in the face of 'de-modernization' and the loss of jobs, wages, and in many cases, access to productive land. This research demonstrates that the means by which the Tajik government expanded food production has contributed to agricultural problems apparent at the time of independence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-204
Number of pages16
JournalCentral Asian Survey
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tajikistan
land reform
agrarian reform
food production
water
Law
cotton
bureaucracy
land tenure
arid environment
agricultural product
modernization
economic activity
wage
water management
food
decision making
irrigation
farm
agriculture

Keywords

  • agriculture
  • law
  • post-Communist land tenure
  • Tajikistan
  • water management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Development
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Agrarian adaptations in Tajikistan : Land reform, water and law. / Rowe, William C.

In: Central Asian Survey, Vol. 29, No. 2, 06.2010, p. 189-204.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rowe, William C. / Agrarian adaptations in Tajikistan : Land reform, water and law. In: Central Asian Survey. 2010 ; Vol. 29, No. 2. pp. 189-204.
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