Air-to-Air Communications beyond 5G: A Novel 3D CoMP Transmission Scheme

Yan Li, Nikolaos I. Miridakis, Theodoros A. Tsiftsis, Guanghua Yang, Minghua Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this paper, a novel 3D cellular model consisting of aerial base stations (aBSs) and aerial user equipments (aUEs) is proposed, by integrating the coordinated multi-point (CoMP) transmission technique with the theory of stochastic geometry. For this new 3D architecture, a tractable model for aBSs' deployment based on the binomial-Delaunay tetrahedralization is developed, which ensures seamless coverage for a given space. In addition, a versatile and practical frequency allocation scheme is designed to eliminate the inter-cell interference effectively. Based on this model, performance metrics including the achievable data rate and coverage probability are derived for two types of aUEs: i) the general aUE (i.e., an aUE having distinct distances from its serving aBSs) and ii) the worst-case aUE (i.e., an aUE having equal distances from its serving aBSs). Simulation and numerical results demonstrate that the proposed approach emphatically outperforms the conventional binomial-Voronoi tessellation without CoMP. Insightfully, it provides a similar performance to the binomial-Voronoi tessellation which utilizes the conventional CoMP scheme; yet, introducing a considerably reduced computational complexity and backhaul/ signaling overhead.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9151343
Pages (from-to)7324-7338
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


  • 3D cellular model
  • aerial network
  • coordinated multi-point (CoMP) transmission
  • frequency allocation
  • stochastic geometry
  • unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) communications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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