An Effective Design Scheme of Single- and Dual-Band Power Dividers for Frequency-Dependent Port Terminations

Rahul Gupta, Maher Assaad, Muhammad Akmal Chaudhary, Mohammad Hashmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Flexible design schemes for single- and dual-band power dividers terminated in arbitrary port impedances are proposed in this paper. The proposed architecture provides the inherent impedance transformation to real, complex, and frequency-dependent complex impedances at the input and output port terminations. Furthermore, the proposed design is supported by flexible design procedures with independent design variables to enhance rapid prototyping in microstrip technology. It is demonstrated that the presence of independent design variables enhances the design flexibility for varied ranges of frequency and impedance transformation ratios. Two different prototypes, one each demonstrating single- and dual-band performances, are developed to validate the performance of the reported designs with real and frequency-dependent complex port impedances. The prototypes exhibit excellent agreements between the simulated and measured results. The single-band impedance transforming power divider (ITPD) possesses a low-amplitude imbalance of (Formula presented.) dB, a phase imbalance of less than ±0.5 (Formula presented.), and an isolation of (Formula presented.) dB at the design frequency of 5.8 GHz. The dual-band prototype also exhibits a low-amplitude imbalance of (Formula presented.) dB and a phase imbalance of less than ±0.5 (Formula presented.) at both the design frequencies of 1 GHz and 2.6 GHz. The isolation is also better than (Formula presented.) dB at both design frequencies. It is thus shown that the overall performance advances the state of the art in the design schemes of ITPDs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1991
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • design flexibility
  • frequency-dependent complex impedance transformation
  • Wilkinson power divider

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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