Analytical model for compressive strength, elastic modulus and peak strain of structural lightweight aggregate concrete

H. Z. Cui, Tommy Yiu Lo, Shazim Ali Memon, F. Xing, X. Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In lightweight aggregate concrete (LWAC), the constituent lightweight aggregates (LWAs) may have a lower strength and elastic modulus than the mortar matrix, and thus the properties of the LWA are the most important determinants of the properties of the resulting concrete. In this research, the influence of volume fraction and properties of five different types of LWA on the mechanical performance of LWAC were studied. Analytical models for predicting the compressive strength, elastic modulus and peak strain of LWAC are proposed by taking into account the effect of volume content, particle density, crushing strength and shape index of LWA. Compressive strength of mortar was also taken into account. Based on the significance of the independent variables, it was concluded that the volume content, crushing strength and shape index of LWA showed more influence on the prediction model for compressive strength of LWAC. For the prediction model of elastic modulus of LWAC, the effect of volume content, particle density and shape index of LWA was more pronounced while the crushing strength and shape index of LWA showed more influence on the prediction model for peak strain of LWAC. The validation of models showed that the maximum difference between the experimental and predicted results to be less than 1.5%. Thus, the precision of prediction model demonstrated the effectiveness of the method and the potential application of the models for LWAC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1036-1043
Number of pages8
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Compressive strength
  • Lightweight aggregate
  • Lightweight aggregate concrete
  • Modulus of elasticity
  • Peak strain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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