Angular Memory of Photonic Metasurfaces

Constantinos Valagiannopoulos, Adilkhan Sarsen, Andrea Alu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Nonlinear materials can exhibit bistability, namely support different possible outputs for the same input, depending on the excitation history. This property can find direct application to photonic memory devices, the vast majority of which operate by changing the amplitude of the incoming signals. In this work, we study impedance metasurfaces producing hysteresis responses with respect to impinging beam angle of fixed intensity profiles; accordingly, the considered setups remember previous history of illumination incidence. The reported findings may open new unexplored avenues towards the design of photonic systems supporting a wide range of fixed-power memory functionalities from switching and sensing to information storage and data writing.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Angular memory
  • directional bistability
  • Impedance
  • Kerr nonlinearity
  • Magnetic hysteresis
  • Metasurfaces
  • nonlinear metasurface
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Photonics
  • Surface impedance
  • Surface waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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