Application of CFD modelling to air quality in Kuwait City

Meruyert Zhunussova, Martin Jaeger, Desmond Adair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


High-resolution computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations have been performed to assess the dispersion of air pollutants (CO2) emanating from traffic in a busy street and in the vicinity of a complex configuration of buildings located in Salmiya, Kuwait City. New buildings are planned for this area, and the work here includes predictions for the dispersion of pollutants after the buildings’ completion. The CFD simulations are based on calculated CO2 concentration levels for traffic counts taken on location in Salmiya with the existing configuration of buildings. As the computer code used in this work has been evaluated previously, it will be applied here to predict with confidence any potential air pollution problem areas on the addition of the new buildings. It was found for very light wind, that the proposed new buildings help reduce pollution in the vicinity of residential buildings within the configuration of buildings, but as the wind becomes moderate to strong, there was a tendency for the pollutant to get trapped in the residential area. Results are given for both exceptionally high ambient temperatures and very light wind, which are not often reported in studies found in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-413
Number of pages19
JournalEnvironmental Fluid Mechanics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2017


  • Air quality
  • Built environment
  • Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
  • Light wind
  • Street canyon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology

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