Application of MASW Methods for Investigations of Shear Wave Velocity in Residual Soils of Singapore

Sung-Woo Moon, Qasim Khan, Taeseo Ku

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Accurate geotechnical interpretation of residual soils in Singapore, ranging from weathered soil to weathered rock, becomes essential for numerous ongoing and potential underground construction activities. Nearly two thirds of Singapore is covered with residual soils, consisting of the Bukit Timah granitic formation and the Jurong sedimentary formation, hence making its interpretation crucial. For geotechnical site characterization, near surface geophysical techniques such as spectral analysis of surface waves (SASW) method and multi-channel analysis of surface waves (MASW) have been commonly employed. In terms of active source tests, seismic waves are estimated from an active seismic source (e.g., a sledge hammer) used to generate waves at the ground surface, based on a two-receiver configuration for the SASW method and a linear array of receivers in line for the MASW method. The passive MASW surface-wave technique, also called Micro-Tremors array measurement, measures passive seismic waves using 2-D array receivers from micro-Tremor and ambient vibrations generated from natural or artificial sources. The possible depth of investigation via the active MASW method is generally shallower than 30m due to the limited propagation of active-source energy, while that via the passive MASW method is deeper than 30m due to ambient sources with low-frequency nature. The field measurement of shear wave velocity (Vs) is a significant element for geotechnical design practices as well as seismic ground hazard evaluation. Also, it has been employed for various applications such as settlement analysis and soil structure interaction, underground cavity/anomaly detection, and ground compaction quality evaluation. In this study, active and passive MASW techniques are integrated to obtain the Vs profile of residual soils and examine the possibility of detecting bedrock depth in Singapore's geologic context. The results of field experiments showed that this combined non-invasive MASW method can be considered as a cost efficient means to understand soil dynamic characteristics and estimate the bedrock location compared to other geophysical testing methods as well as conventional boring investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGeotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016 - Proceedings of the Joint Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages1688-1699
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9780784479742
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventJoint Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016 - Phoenix, United States
Duration: Feb 14 2016Feb 17 2016

Conference

ConferenceJoint Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016
CountryUnited States
CityPhoenix
Period2/14/162/17/16

Fingerprint

residual soil
Shear waves
Surface waves
surface wave
wave velocity
S-wave
Soils
microtremor
Seismic waves
seismic wave
Spectrum analysis
spectral analysis
bedrock
analysis
method
underground construction
soil dynamics
Soil structure interactions
Boring
site characterization

Keywords

  • MASW methods
  • Residual soils
  • Shear wave velocity
  • Surface wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Moon, S-W., Khan, Q., & Ku, T. (2016). Application of MASW Methods for Investigations of Shear Wave Velocity in Residual Soils of Singapore. In Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016 - Proceedings of the Joint Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016 (pp. 1688-1699). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).

Application of MASW Methods for Investigations of Shear Wave Velocity in Residual Soils of Singapore. / Moon, Sung-Woo; Khan, Qasim; Ku, Taeseo.

Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016 - Proceedings of the Joint Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2016. p. 1688-1699.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Moon, S-W, Khan, Q & Ku, T 2016, Application of MASW Methods for Investigations of Shear Wave Velocity in Residual Soils of Singapore. in Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016 - Proceedings of the Joint Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), pp. 1688-1699, Joint Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016, Phoenix, United States, 2/14/16.
Moon S-W, Khan Q, Ku T. Application of MASW Methods for Investigations of Shear Wave Velocity in Residual Soils of Singapore. In Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016 - Proceedings of the Joint Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 2016. p. 1688-1699
Moon, Sung-Woo ; Khan, Qasim ; Ku, Taeseo. / Application of MASW Methods for Investigations of Shear Wave Velocity in Residual Soils of Singapore. Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016 - Proceedings of the Joint Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2016. pp. 1688-1699
@inproceedings{7e2097aa83e74c17907de9b59440c65e,
title = "Application of MASW Methods for Investigations of Shear Wave Velocity in Residual Soils of Singapore",
abstract = "Accurate geotechnical interpretation of residual soils in Singapore, ranging from weathered soil to weathered rock, becomes essential for numerous ongoing and potential underground construction activities. Nearly two thirds of Singapore is covered with residual soils, consisting of the Bukit Timah granitic formation and the Jurong sedimentary formation, hence making its interpretation crucial. For geotechnical site characterization, near surface geophysical techniques such as spectral analysis of surface waves (SASW) method and multi-channel analysis of surface waves (MASW) have been commonly employed. In terms of active source tests, seismic waves are estimated from an active seismic source (e.g., a sledge hammer) used to generate waves at the ground surface, based on a two-receiver configuration for the SASW method and a linear array of receivers in line for the MASW method. The passive MASW surface-wave technique, also called Micro-Tremors array measurement, measures passive seismic waves using 2-D array receivers from micro-Tremor and ambient vibrations generated from natural or artificial sources. The possible depth of investigation via the active MASW method is generally shallower than 30m due to the limited propagation of active-source energy, while that via the passive MASW method is deeper than 30m due to ambient sources with low-frequency nature. The field measurement of shear wave velocity (Vs) is a significant element for geotechnical design practices as well as seismic ground hazard evaluation. Also, it has been employed for various applications such as settlement analysis and soil structure interaction, underground cavity/anomaly detection, and ground compaction quality evaluation. In this study, active and passive MASW techniques are integrated to obtain the Vs profile of residual soils and examine the possibility of detecting bedrock depth in Singapore's geologic context. The results of field experiments showed that this combined non-invasive MASW method can be considered as a cost efficient means to understand soil dynamic characteristics and estimate the bedrock location compared to other geophysical testing methods as well as conventional boring investigation.",
keywords = "MASW methods, Residual soils, Shear wave velocity, Surface wave",
author = "Sung-Woo Moon and Qasim Khan and Taeseo Ku",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
pages = "1688--1699",
booktitle = "Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016 - Proceedings of the Joint Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
address = "United States",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Application of MASW Methods for Investigations of Shear Wave Velocity in Residual Soils of Singapore

AU - Moon, Sung-Woo

AU - Khan, Qasim

AU - Ku, Taeseo

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Accurate geotechnical interpretation of residual soils in Singapore, ranging from weathered soil to weathered rock, becomes essential for numerous ongoing and potential underground construction activities. Nearly two thirds of Singapore is covered with residual soils, consisting of the Bukit Timah granitic formation and the Jurong sedimentary formation, hence making its interpretation crucial. For geotechnical site characterization, near surface geophysical techniques such as spectral analysis of surface waves (SASW) method and multi-channel analysis of surface waves (MASW) have been commonly employed. In terms of active source tests, seismic waves are estimated from an active seismic source (e.g., a sledge hammer) used to generate waves at the ground surface, based on a two-receiver configuration for the SASW method and a linear array of receivers in line for the MASW method. The passive MASW surface-wave technique, also called Micro-Tremors array measurement, measures passive seismic waves using 2-D array receivers from micro-Tremor and ambient vibrations generated from natural or artificial sources. The possible depth of investigation via the active MASW method is generally shallower than 30m due to the limited propagation of active-source energy, while that via the passive MASW method is deeper than 30m due to ambient sources with low-frequency nature. The field measurement of shear wave velocity (Vs) is a significant element for geotechnical design practices as well as seismic ground hazard evaluation. Also, it has been employed for various applications such as settlement analysis and soil structure interaction, underground cavity/anomaly detection, and ground compaction quality evaluation. In this study, active and passive MASW techniques are integrated to obtain the Vs profile of residual soils and examine the possibility of detecting bedrock depth in Singapore's geologic context. The results of field experiments showed that this combined non-invasive MASW method can be considered as a cost efficient means to understand soil dynamic characteristics and estimate the bedrock location compared to other geophysical testing methods as well as conventional boring investigation.

AB - Accurate geotechnical interpretation of residual soils in Singapore, ranging from weathered soil to weathered rock, becomes essential for numerous ongoing and potential underground construction activities. Nearly two thirds of Singapore is covered with residual soils, consisting of the Bukit Timah granitic formation and the Jurong sedimentary formation, hence making its interpretation crucial. For geotechnical site characterization, near surface geophysical techniques such as spectral analysis of surface waves (SASW) method and multi-channel analysis of surface waves (MASW) have been commonly employed. In terms of active source tests, seismic waves are estimated from an active seismic source (e.g., a sledge hammer) used to generate waves at the ground surface, based on a two-receiver configuration for the SASW method and a linear array of receivers in line for the MASW method. The passive MASW surface-wave technique, also called Micro-Tremors array measurement, measures passive seismic waves using 2-D array receivers from micro-Tremor and ambient vibrations generated from natural or artificial sources. The possible depth of investigation via the active MASW method is generally shallower than 30m due to the limited propagation of active-source energy, while that via the passive MASW method is deeper than 30m due to ambient sources with low-frequency nature. The field measurement of shear wave velocity (Vs) is a significant element for geotechnical design practices as well as seismic ground hazard evaluation. Also, it has been employed for various applications such as settlement analysis and soil structure interaction, underground cavity/anomaly detection, and ground compaction quality evaluation. In this study, active and passive MASW techniques are integrated to obtain the Vs profile of residual soils and examine the possibility of detecting bedrock depth in Singapore's geologic context. The results of field experiments showed that this combined non-invasive MASW method can be considered as a cost efficient means to understand soil dynamic characteristics and estimate the bedrock location compared to other geophysical testing methods as well as conventional boring investigation.

KW - MASW methods

KW - Residual soils

KW - Shear wave velocity

KW - Surface wave

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84966473391&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84966473391&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

SP - 1688

EP - 1699

BT - Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016 - Proceedings of the Joint Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Congress 2016

PB - American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

ER -