Application of nanoparticles and nanomaterials in thermal ablation therapy of cancer

Zhannat Ashikbayeva, Daniele Tosi, Damir Balmassov, Emiliano Schena, Paola Saccomandi, Vassilis Inglezakis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Cancer is one of the major health issues with increasing incidence worldwide. In spite of the existing conventional cancer treatment techniques, the cases of cancer diagnosis and death rates are rising year by year. Thus, new approaches are required to advance the traditional ways of cancer therapy. Currently, nanomedicine, employing nanoparticles and nanocomposites, offers great promise and new opportunities to increase the efficacy of cancer treatment in combination with thermal therapy. Nanomaterials can generate and specifically enhance the heating capacity at the tumor region due to optical and magnetic properties. The mentioned unique properties of nanomaterials allow inducing the heat and destroying the cancerous cells. This paper provides an overview of the utilization of nanoparticles and nanomaterials such as magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, nanorods, nanoshells, nanocomposites, carbon nanotubes, and other nanoparticles in the thermal ablation of tumors, demonstrating their advantages over the conventional heating methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1195
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019


  • Cancer tumor
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Laser ablation
  • Magnetic nanoparticles
  • Nanocomposites
  • Nanorods
  • Nanoshells
  • Photothermal ablation
  • Thermal ablation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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