Assessing the Validity and Reliability of the Russian Version of the Leading a Culture of Quality in Infection Prevention Scale among Nurses in Kazakhstan

Jonas Preposi Cruz, Paolo Colet, Joseph Almazan, Anargul Kuntuganova, Alma Syzdykova, Gaukhar Agazhayeva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background. Worldwide, hospitals are required to prioritize the culture of quality in infection prevention (CQIP) for patient safety. Assessing CQIP is crucial, but there is limited research, especially regarding nurses’ perceptions. Insufficient information exists due to scarcity of validated instruments in local languages to measure CQIP internationally. Purpose. This study assessed the “Leading a Culture of Quality in Infection Prevention Scale” Russian version’s (LCQ-IPS-R) validity and reliability to assess the CQIP of hospitals in Kazakhstan based on nurses’ perceptions. Methods. This study utilized a methodological design and analyzed data from 204 nurses at the “National Research Center for Maternal and Child Health” in Astana City, Kazakhstan. The “cultural and linguistic adaptation” process involved a “forward-backward translation” technique. Content validity and construct validity were examined. Internal consistency reliability was explored for scale reliability. Results. The scale’s mean item range was from 3.56 (SD = 1.22) to 4.40 (SD = 0.85; SD = 0.92). The corrected item-total correlation ranged from 0.321 to 0.707. Six experts rated the I-CVI from 0.83 to 1.00, with an S-CVI/Ave of 0.90. The principal component analysis with Varimax rotation produced four distinct components of the LCQ-IPS-R, explaining 69.8% of the total variance. The tests of correlation between the LCQ-IPS-R’s four components revealed medium to large positive associations among the components (r = 0.25-0.55, p < 0.001 ). The computed α for the LCQ-IPS-R was 0.909 while α values from four subscales ranged from 0.809 to 0.921. Conclusions/Implications for Practice. This study provides evidence of the LCQ-IP-R’s reliability and validity in evaluating Russian-speaking nurses’ perception of their hospital’s CQIP. These findings open the door for further research on CQIP in healthcare settings in Kazakhstan, Central Asia, and other Russian-speaking countries. The scale provides essential baseline information to design effective interventions for achieving hospitals’ infection prevention objectives.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5309218
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Publication statusPublished - 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management


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