Assessment of Reactive powder concrete subjected to three different sodium sulfate Concentrations: Compressive Strength, Absorption, Porosity, Microstructure, and durability

Umut Bakhbergen, Chang-Seon Shon, Dichuan Zhang, Kirill Kryzhanovskiy, Jong R. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reactive Powder Concrete (RPC) is a relatively new type of concrete material characterized by very low water-to-binder ratios (w/b), the addition of supplementary cementitious materials like silica fume (SF), and the presence of very fine aggregates instead of conventional coarse aggregates. The durability of RPC with various w/b (0.18, 0.22, and 0.26) and SF content (15%, 20%, and 25%) against external sulfate attack (ESA) at various sodium sulfate (Na2SO4) concentrations (0.35 M, 0.7 M and 1.4 M) was investigated in this study through examinations of compressive strength, expansion and mass change, microstructural characteristics, mineralogy, porosity, and sorptivity. The results indicated that: 1) owing to its improved microstructure, RPC could accommodate expansive products of ESA reactions, which can provide additional strength; 2) RPC showed very high resistance to Na2SO4 attack under the ASTM C1012 criteria; 3) considerable sulfate ingress did not result in significant expansion and strength reduction for RPC mixtures at early stages of exposure, especially for the mixtures with high initial sorptivity and high interparticle connectivity; 4) considering the coupled effect of w/b and SF content on the number of RPC characteristics, mixture with w/b = 0.22 and 20% SF content showed the best performance upon exposure to ESA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126804
Number of pages1
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume325
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 28 2022

Keywords

  • Compressive strength
  • Expansion
  • External sulfate attack (ESA)
  • Microstructure
  • Reactive powder concrete (RPC)
  • Silica fume
  • Water-to-binder ratio

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