Assessment of unmet needs and barriers to end-of-life care provision in Kazakhstan

Lyazzat Toleubekova, Byron Crape, Kaisar Dauyey, Ibragim Issabekov, Dias Argandykov, Aigerim Bekenova, Meuyert Madikenova, Botagoz Kaukenova, Alexey Noskov

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review


Palliative care, a holistic multidisciplinary approach for those persons with terminal diseases, providing relief for physical, emotional, psychosocial and spiritual suffering of both the patients and their families and to support the dignity of all involved in the process of dying. The purpose of this qualitative research project is to identify the barriers for end-of-life care provision in Kazakhstan and to provide recommendations on how to integrate and assure high quality palliative care for patients within the cultural context of Kazakhstan.

Our proposed research project employed qualitative research methods, including semi-structured in-depth interviews using grounded theory. We conducted purposive recruiting with content analysis and semi-structured interviews until saturation was achieved. The interviews have been conducted at the University Medical Center (UMC) teaching hospitals, including National Research Center for Maternal and Child Health and the National Children’s Rehabilitation Center. The total number of participants were 65 individuals, of whom 26 were medical doctors, 20 nurses, 7 speech therapists, 6 psychologists, 4 educators and 2 social workers. All participants had experience working with terminally ill patients, family members, and caregivers. The data was then translated into English. Analysis of the interview data have been performed by using the computer assisted software analysis package - NVivo. Institutional review board (IRB) approval of the Nazarbayev University has been received, assuring informed consent and confidentiality safeguards in the research.
The study findings indicate the evidence of growing demand in training of healthcare professionals, inadequate provision of pain relief and lack of public awareness about palliation as primary obstacles for palliative care development in Kazakhstan.
Key messages
The findings of the study are very important to help stakeholders to focus on the development of training opportunities for palliative care specialists.
The results of the study help to develop milestones and concrete strategy for integration of palliative care services into the national healthcare system of Kazakhstan.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Nov 13 2019
Event12th European Public Health Conference: EUROPEAN PUBLIC HEALTH CONFERENCE - Marseille Chanot, Palais des Congres et des Expositions, Marseille, France
Duration: Nov 20 2019Nov 23 2019


Conference12th European Public Health Conference
Abbreviated titleEPH
Internet address


  • Palliative care
  • End of life care


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