Basophils are the rarest cell population in the blood. Even though basophils are known to participate in some allergic reactions and immune responses to parasitic infections, their immunological role is still largely elusive. Recent evidence has suggested that in some murine models of systemic lupus erythematosus and lupus-like nephritis, basophils may also be implicated in autoimmunity processes by promoting autoantibody production and tissue injury. We conducted a systematic search to collect the available evidence on basophils’ potential immunomodulatory role in autoimmunity and, particularly, systemic lupus erythematosus. We identified several articles investigating basophils’ role in murine models of lupus (n = 3) and in patients affected with systemic lupus erythematosus (n = 8). Even though the alteration of the “adaptive” immune response is considered the main immunopathological event in systemic lupus erythematosus, the contribution from the mechanisms of “innate” immunity and, particularly, basophils may be relevant as well, by modulating the activation, polarization, and survival of lymphocytes.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)