Between Integration and Exclusion: The Case of Chinese-born Kazakh Returnees in Kazakhstan

Research output: Working paper


Kazakhstan launched an ethnic repatriation program which encouraged Kazakhs abroad to “come back home” in order to help revive Kazakh identity, culture and language, and to contribute to building an independent Kazakh state. Beginning in 1991, around one million Kazakh returnees came to Kazakhstan but their integration into modern Kazakh society became a major challenge for the newly born Central Asian state. This paper comprises a case study of the integration process of Chinese-born Kazakh returnees in Kazakhstan. The complex process of integration of immigrants into modern Kazakhstan is examined by applying Segmented Assimilation theory.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusIn preparation - 2017


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