Biofilm Detection by a Fiber-Tip Ball Resonator Optical Fiber Sensor

Aida Rakhimbekova, Baizak Kudaibergenov, Damir Moldabay, Albina Zharylgap, Obinna M. Ajunwa, Enrico Marsili, Daniele Tosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Bacterial biofilms are one of the most important challenges that modern medicine faces due to the difficulties of diagnosis, antibiotic resistance, and protective mechanisms against aggressive environments. For these reasons, methods that ensure the inexpensive and rapid or real-time detection of biofilm formation on medical devices are needed. This study examines the possibilities of using optical-and fiber-based biosensors to detect and analyze early bacterial biofilms. In this study, the biofilm-forming model organism Pseudomonas aeruginosa was inoculated on the surface of the optical sensor and allowed to attach for 2 h. The biosensors were made by a fiber-tip ball resonator, fabricated through a CO2 laser splicer on a single-mode fiber, forming a weak reflective spectrum. An optical backscatter reflectometer was used to measure the refractive index detected by the sensors during different growth periods. The early biofilm concentration was determined by crystal violet (CV) binding assay; however, such a concentration was lower than the detection limit of this assay. This work presents a new approach of biofilm sensing in the early attachment stage with a low limit of detection up to 10−4 RIU (refractive index units) or 35 ± 20 × 103 CFU/mL (colony formed units).

Original languageEnglish
Article number481
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • biofilm detection, fiber-tip ball resonator
  • biofilm formation
  • biomedical sensors
  • distributed sensors
  • optical fiber sensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Biochemistry


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