Carrier frequency of HLA-DQB1*02 allele in patients affected with celiac disease: A systematic review assessing the potential rationale of a targeted allelic genotyping as a first-line screening

Dimitri Poddighe, Chiara Rebuffi, Annalisa de Silvestri, Cristina Capittini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND Celiac Disease (CD) is an immune-mediated disorder, in which the HLA immunogenetic background (DQ2 and DQ8 heterodimers) and environmental trigger (gluten) are well established. Indeed, both factors are necessary - but not sufficient - to develop CD. However, it is very likely that CD is underdiagnosed in both developing and developed countries, due to several aspects, including the fact that a lot of patients present mild and/or atypical symptoms, without the presence of any recognized risk factors. Therefore, the possibility and feasibility of widened screening strategies to identify CD patients are debated. AIM To provide further evidence of the main epidemiological importance of HLA-DQB1*02 allele in the population of CD patients. METHODS We performed a systematic search in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, Web of Science and Scopus databases, in order to produce a systematic review assessing the carrier frequency of HLA-DQB1*02 allele in the celiac population. Following the PRISMA guidelines, we retrieved all the original articles describing CD patients' HLA-DQB1 genotype in such a way that could allow to assess the HLA-DQB1*02 carrier frequency among CD patients, along with the evidence of the appropriate diagnostic work-up to achieve a correct and final diagnosis of CD. RESULTS The final output of this systematic search in the medical literature consisted of 38 studies providing the appropriate HLA-DQB1 genotype information of the respective CD population. According to this systematic review, including a pool of 4945 HLA-DQ genotyped CD patients, the HLA-DQB1*02 carrier frequency was 94.94%, meaning that only 5.06% of CD patients were completely lacking this allelic variant. Interestingly, if we consider only the studies whereby the prevalence of CD patients affected with type 1 diabetes mellitus was supposed or clearly established to be very low, the frequency of non-HLA-DQB1*02 carriers among CD patients dropped to 3.65%. CONCLUSION Such a high carrier frequency of the HLA-DQB1*02 allelic variant (which is > 95%-96% in CD patients without risk factors, like type 1 diabetes mellitus comorbidity) might be exploited to consider a cost-effective and widened screening approach. If a sustainable strategy could be implemented through a low-cost targeted genetic test to detect the individual presence of HLA-DQB1*02 allele, an appropriate algorithm for serological screening in individuals resulting to be genetically predisposed to CD, might be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1381
Number of pages17
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Celiac Disease
  • Children
  • DQ2 heterodimer
  • HLADQB1*02
  • Screening
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Carrier frequency of HLA-DQB1*02 allele in patients affected with celiac disease: A systematic review assessing the potential rationale of a targeted allelic genotyping as a first-line screening'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this