Cell encapsulation: Promise and progress

Gorka Orive, Rosa María Hernández, Alicia R. Gascón, Riccardo Calafiore, Thomas M S Chang, Paul De Vos, Gonzalo Hortelano, David Hunkeler, Igor Lacík, A. M James Shapiro, José Luis Pedraz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

469 Citations (Scopus)


In cell encapsulation, transplanted cells are protected from immune rejection by an artificial, semipermeable membrane, potentially allowing transplantation (allo- or xenotransplantation) without the need for immunosuppression. Yet, despite some promising results in animal studies, the field has not lived up to expectations, and clinical products based on encapsulated cell technology continue to elude the scientific community. This commentary discusses the reasons for this, summarizes recent progress in the field and outlines what is needed to bring this technology closer to clinical application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-107
Number of pages4
JournalNature Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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