Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)-loaded SiO2–Ag mesoporous nanocomposite as an efficient antibacterial agent

Aiganym Abduraimova, Anara Molkenova, Assem Duisembekova, Tomiris Mulikova, Damira Kanayeva, Timur Sh Atabaev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To date, Ag-based nanomaterials have demonstrated a high potential to overcome antibiotic resistance issues. However, bare Ag nanomaterials are prone to agglomeration in the biological environment, which results in a loss of antibacterial activity over time. Furthermore, it is still challenging to collect small-sized Ag nanomaterials right after the synthesis process. In this study, spherical-shaped Ag nanoparticles (NPs) (~6–10 nm) were attached on the surface of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) (~100–110 nm). Antibacterial activity tests suggested that the obtained nanocomposite can be used as a highly efficient antibacterial agent against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) recalculated to pure Ag weight in nanocomposite was found to be ~1.84 µg/mL (for Escherichia coli) and ~0.92 µg/mL (for Staphylococcus aureus)—significantly smaller compared to values reported to date. The improved antibacterial activity of the prepared nanocomposite can be attributed to the even distribution of non-aggregated Ag NPs per volume unit and the presence of CTAB in the nanocomposite pores.

Original languageEnglish
Article number477
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Antibacterial activity
  • Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide
  • Mesoporous silica
  • Nanocomposite
  • Silver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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