Hydrogels represent a special class of hydrophilic polymer materials and are dened as two-or multicomponent systems consisting of a water or aqueous solution, lled three-dimensional network of polymer chains (Hoffman 2002; Rosiak et al. 2002). Hydrogels adsorb signicant amounts of water, from 10 to 20% to several thousand times their dry weight (Hoffman 2002). The amount of water adsorbed depends on the type of polymer and cross-link as well as the cross-link density (Hoffman 2002). The ability of biocompatible hydrogels to adsorb and hold aqueous solutions has been exploited in many biotechnological, biomedical, and pharmaceutical applications over the past 40 years (Peppas et al. 2000; Lozinsky et al. 2003). Hydrogels are commonly used for soft contact lenses, wound dressings, drug delivery systems, and superabsorbents (Lee and Mooney 2001; Drury and Mooney 2003; Lozinsky et al. 2003; Chaterji, Kwon, and Park 2007; Hoare and Kohane 2008).
|Title of host publication||Macroporous Polymers|
|Subtitle of host publication||Production Properties and Biotechnological/Biomedical Applications|
|Number of pages||25|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Materials Science(all)