Characterization of phase transformation in shape memory alloys by atomic force microscope

S. S. Xu, C. H. Xu, C. H. Woo, C. Surya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


An atomic force microscope operated at various temperatures is introduced to evaluate phase transformation temperature and to observe microstructure for a shape memory alloy at same time in this paper. A commercial hot-rolled TiNi shape memory alloy bar is ground, polished and etched. The specimen is then observed by atomic force microscopy at the temperature range of 20-100 {ring operator}C in nitrogen gas. The topographies of a TiNi specimen show twinning martensite with rough surface and smooth austenite at various temperatures. The shape memory effect of the TiNi alloy is analyzed based on the shifts of the topographies obtained at various temperatures, which are used to evaluate the phase transformation temperature between martensite and austenite. The phase transformation temperature is also confirmed in a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-236
Number of pages7
JournalSuperlattices and Microstructures
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Alloys
  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Shape memory effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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