Characterization of solid residues from high temperature gasification of olive kernel

Grigorios Itskos, Nikolaos Margaritis, Athanasios Koutsianos, Panagiotis Grammelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a fixed-bed downdraft gasifier (70 kWe-245 kWth) with gas cooling and cleaning system, combined with a gas engine, was tested using olive kernel as fuel. The primary scope of this paper is to identify the most prominent utilization paths for the solid residues of the process. After a 3-day experimental work and the respective sampling campaigns, a thorough characterization study was conducted: the mineralogy of collected residues was examined by means of XRD, Loss on Ignition tests were carried out by the use of TGA up to 850 °C, their morphology was examined by means of EDS-SEM, their energetic content and elemental composition were determined by means of proximate and ultimate analysis, respectively, while their major and trace metal characterization was conducted by means of AAS. Due to its high calorific value, relatively low moisture content, and high loss-on-ignition value, it has been concluded that the olive kernel gasification residue can be utilized as a primary fuel in combustion boilers. Moreover, its reduced chlorine and sulfur content suggest minimal corrosion-related problems. Alternative utilization options, based on their morphology, are also suggested in this study, while modifications in the current gasification conditions are proposed as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-901
Number of pages9
JournalWaste and Biomass Valorization
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomass
  • Bottom ash
  • Gasification
  • Olive Kernel
  • Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
  • X-ray diffraction (XRD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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