Chemical dealloying synthesis of CuS nanowire-on-nanoplate network as anode materials for Li-ion batteries

Zhifeng Wang, Xiaomin Zhang, Yongguang Zhang, Man Li, Chunling Qin, Zhumabay Bakenov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CuS is a metal sulfide anode material used in constructing lithium ion batteries (LIBs) with great promise. However, its practical application is limited by rapid capacity decline, poor cycling, and rate performance. In this work, the CuS nanowire-on-nanoplate network is synthesized through an improved dealloying method under two contrasting reaction temperatures. When used as an LIB anode, the as-obtained CuS network exhibits superior cycling performance (420 mAh·g−1retained after 100 cycles at 0.2 C). When at 3 C, it still delivers a capacity of around 350 mAh·g−1. The improved electrochemical performances of the CuS anode should be attributed to the well-designed nanowire-on-nanoplate network structure in which the introduction of nanowires improves Li storage sites, shortens Li-ion diffusion distance, enhances the conductivity of active materials, and offers multiscale spaces for buffering the volume variation. The fabrication route adopted in this paper has an important significance for developing the dealloying technique and designing more suitable anode structures for LIBs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number252
JournalMetals
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anode
  • CuS
  • Dealloying
  • Li-ion battery
  • Metallic glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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