Regular lattices comprising superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) form magnetic metamaterials exhibiting extraordinary properties, including tunability, dynamic multistability, and negative magnetic permeability. The SQUIDs in a metamaterial interact through nonlocal, magnetic dipole-dipole forces that makes it possible for counterintuitive dynamic states referred to as chimera states to appear; the latter feature clusters of SQUIDs with synchronous dynamics which coexist with clusters exhibiting asynchronous behavior. The spontaneous appearance of chimera states is demonstrated numerically for one-dimensional SQUID metamaterials driven by an alternating magnetic field in which the fluxes threading the SQUID rings are randomly initialized; then, chimera states appear generically for sufficiently strong initial excitations, which exhibit relatively long lifetimes. The synchronization and metastability levels of the chimera states are discussed in terms of appropriate measures. Given that both one- and two-dimensional SQUID metamaterials have been already fabricated and investigated in the laboratory, the presence of a chimera state could in principle be detected with presently available experimental setups.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 3 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics