Classification of frontal cortex haemodynamic responses during cognitive tasks using wavelet transforms and machine learning algorithms

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent advances in neuroimaging demonstrate the potential of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) for use in brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). fNIRS uses light in the near-infrared range to measure brain surface haemoglobin concentrations and thus determine human neural activity. Our primary goal in this study is to analyse brain haemodynamic responses for application in a BCI. Specifically, we develop an efficient signal processing algorithm to extract important mental-task-relevant neural features and obtain the best possible classification performance. We recorded brain haemodynamic responses due to frontal cortex brain activity from nine subjects using a 19-channel fNIRS system. Our algorithm is based on continuous wavelet transforms (CWTs) for multi-scale decomposition and a soft thresholding algorithm for de-noising. We adopted three machine learning algorithms and compared their performance. Good performance can be achieved by using the de-noised wavelet coefficients as input features for the classifier. Moreover, the classifier performance varied depending on the type of mother wavelet used for wavelet decomposition. Our quantitative results showed that CWTs can be used efficiently to extract important brain haemodynamic features at multiple frequencies if an appropriate mother wavelet function is chosen. The best classification results were obtained by a specific combination of input feature type and classifier.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1394-1410
Number of pages17
JournalMedical Engineering and Physics
Volume34
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • ANN
  • Brain-computer interface
  • Functional near infrared spectroscopy
  • LDA
  • Mental task classification
  • SVM
  • Wavelet transforms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering

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