Climate Zoning for Buildings: From Basic to Advanced Methods—A Review of the Scientific Literature

Alexey Remizov, Shazim Ali Memon, Jong R. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Understanding the link between the energy-efficiency of buildings and climatic conditions can improve the design of energy-efficient housing. Due to global climate change and growing requirements for building energy-efficiency, the number of publications on climate zoning for buildings has grown over the last 20 years. This review attempted to give the reader an up-to-date assessment of the scientific literature in the field of climate mapping for buildings on a global and national scale, filling in the gaps of previous works and focusing on details that were not presented before. There were 105 scientific sources examined. The most dominant climate zoning variables were thoroughly analyzed. A clear categorization of climate zoning methods with specific criteria was shown. The most used methods were evaluated, emphasizing their similarities and differences, as well as their essential components and advantages. The main literature review was supported with bibliometric and bibliographic analysis. The existence of many climate zoning methods can be an indicator of the lack of agreement on the most effective strategy. A tendency has been established for the popularization among scientists of methods based on machine learning and building energy simulations, which are relatively easy to use and have proven to be the most reliable climate zoning methods. A transformation is emerging by shifting from a climate-based to a building performance-based climate zoning approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number694
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • building energy simulation
  • building energy-efficiency
  • climate zoning
  • climatic variables
  • cluster analysis
  • degree-days
  • machine learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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