PURPOSE: Evaluation of simplified Bishop score and ultrasound cervicometry in the assessment of labor induction success in nulliparous women.
METHODS: Prospective cohort study included 146 nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy and indications for labor induction. Prior to labor induction, cervicometry and Bishop score were determined. Upon delivery, patients were classified as those delivered vaginally and by cesarean section (CS) after unsuccessful labor induction.
RESULTS: Bishop score >5 was found in 47.95% of vaginally delivered women and 12.33% of patients delivered by CS (p < .01). Cervicometry had appropriate findings in 34.2% of vaginally delivered women and 75.3% of those delivered by CS (p < .01). Bishop score (>5 versus ≤5) had lower sensitivity (52.05%) and specificity (12.33%) than cervicometry (good versus unfavorable findings) (sensitivity 65.75%, specificity 75.34%) for prediction of labor induction success. If Bishop score was ≤5, cervicometry had 50.0% sensitivity and 78.13% specificity, while if Bishop score was >5, 82.86% sensitivity and 55.56% specificity. Obtained model for predicting labor induction outcome in nulliparous women based on their clinical and ultrasonographical characteristics identified the Bishop score as the most important predictor.
CONCLUSIONS: Study confirmed the usefulness of simplified Bishop score and ultrasound cervicometry in the assessment of labor induction success in nulliparous women.