Colchicine toxicity in end-stage renal disease patients: A case-control study

Yalcin Solak, Huseyin Atalay, Zeynep Biyik, Hayrudin Alibasic, Abduzhappar Gaipov, Figen Guney, Adem Kucuk, Halil Zeki Tonbul, Mehdi Yeksan, Suleyman Turk

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Colchicine has been used in a number of disorders. Because colchicine is partially excreted from the kidney, there is a need for dose reduction in case of renal functional impairment. There are no data with regards to safe dosing schedule of colchicine in hemodialysis patients. We aimed to evaluate adverse effects of colchicine use in a hemodialysis cohort. We screened hemodialysis patients who were using colchicine for any reason. All patients were interviewed regarding possible toxicities of colchicine use and were examined with a special focus on neuromuscular system. Creatine kinase and myoglobin were used to detect any subclinical muscle injury or rhabdomyolysis, respectively. Twenty-two maintenance hemodialysis patients who were on colchicine for more than 6 months and 20 control hemodialysis patients not using colchicine were included in the study. Four of 22 patients were using 0.5 mg/day, 4 patients were using 1.5 mg/day, and 14 patients were using 1 mg/day colchicine. Mean duration for colchicine use was 8.9 ± 8.2 years. There was no difference between the groups in terms of myoneuropathic signs and symptoms and blood counts except for white blood cell count, which was significantly higher in patients on colchicine. Serum creatine kinase (56.3 ± 39.5 and 52.1 ± 36.1 for colchicine and control groups, respectively, P = 0.72) and myoglobin (191.4 ± 108.8 and 214.6 ± 83.5 for colchicine and control groups, respectively, P = 0.44) levels were not different between the groups. We conclude that in a small number of haemodialysis patients who were apparently tolerating colchicine, detailed assessment revealed no evidence of sublinical toxicity when compared with controls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e189-e195
JournalAmerican Journal of Therapeutics
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 4 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adverse effect
  • Colchicine
  • Hemodialysis
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Solak, Y., Atalay, H., Biyik, Z., Alibasic, H., Gaipov, A., Guney, F., Kucuk, A., Tonbul, H. Z., Yeksan, M., & Turk, S. (2014). Colchicine toxicity in end-stage renal disease patients: A case-control study. American Journal of Therapeutics, 21(6), e189-e195. https://doi.org/10.1097/MJT.0b013e31825a364a