Detailed analysis of nanopores (IUPAC micropores at pore half-width x < 1 nm) of carbonised porous phenolformaldehyde resin microbeads used as a precursor of activated carbon (AC) and CO 2 activated carbon (at 50% burn-off) has been performed on the basis of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) image analysis and nitrogen adsorption data analysed using several density functional theory (DFT) methods. The results of quenched solid DFT (QSDFT) and nonlocal (NLDFT) are in agreement with the pore size distributions of nanopores based on the HRTEM image analysis. Development of porosity with progressive activation degree in a series of ACs leads to enhancement of the deviation of the pore shape from the used pore models. The TG/DTA data and Raman spectra show nonlinear but weak changes in the AC characteristics with increasing burn-off degree.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)