Construction and Demolition Waste Management on Construction Sites in Kazakhstan

Abid Nadeem, Altynay Khamatova, Md Aslam Hossain, Hau Yan Leung

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


The rapid development of the construction industry in Kazakhstan has led to the formation of construction and demolition (C&D) waste which significantly affects the environment. C&D waste contains hazardous materials in significant quantities which have an adverse effect on public health and the environment. It is essential to reduce C&D waste. This paper focuses on the determination of appropriate C&D waste management strategies. C&D waste minimization techniques such as reducing, reusing, recycling, bioremediation, composting, and incineration were identified and explored through the literature review. A questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate current C&D waste management practices on construction sites in Kazakhstan. The questionnaire survey was sent to 270 respondents in 11 companies in different cities of Kazakhstan. The response rate of the questionnaire was about 93%. It was found that recycling was the most appropriate method for waste minimization on construction sites in Kazakhstan. The information which came from the questionnaire survey helped to understand how to apply the recycling methodology on construction sites with benefits and drawbacks. Consequently, after identifying a proper waste minimization method, it is necessary to prepare an adequate site waste management plan.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Science, Technology and Innovation
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Publication series

NameAdvances in Science, Technology and Innovation
ISSN (Print)2522-8714
ISSN (Electronic)2522-8722


  • Construction and demolition waste
  • Kazakhstan
  • Waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Chemistry


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