Construction and demolition waste management on construction sites in Kazakhstan

Abid Nadeem, Altynay Khamatova, Aslam Hossain, Hau Yan Leung

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The rapid development of the construction industry in Kazakhstan has led to the formation of construction and demolition (C&D) waste which significantly affects the environment. C&D waste contains hazardous materials in significant quantities which have an adverse effect on the public health and the en\Tronment. It is essential to reduce C&D waste. This paper focuses on the determination of appropriate C&D waste management strategies. C&D waste minimization techniques such as reducing, reusing, recycling, bioremediation, composting, and incmeration were identified and explored through the literature review. A questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate current C&D waste management practices on construction sites m Kazakhstan. The questionnaire survey was sent to 270 respondents mil companies in different cities of Kazakhstan. The response rate of the questionnaire was about 93%. It was found that recycling was the most appropriate method for waste minimization on construction sites in Kazakhstan. The mformation which came from the questionnaire survey helped to understand how to apply the recycling methodology on construction sites with benefits and drawbacks. Consequently, after identifying a proper waste minimization method, it is necessary to prepare an adequate site waste management plan.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Conference on Construction in the 21st Century
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event11th International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century, CITC 2019 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Sept 9 2019Sept 11 2019


  • Construction and demolition waste
  • Kazakhstan
  • Waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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