Contemporary Fertility-Sparing Management Options of Early Stage Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer in Young Nulliparous Patients

Gulzhanat Aimagambetova, Sanja Terzic, Antonio Simone Laganà, Gauri Bapayeva, Philip la Fleur, Milan Terzic

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Incidence of endometrial cancer (EC) has been increasing in recent years, especially in high-income countries. The disease commonly affects peri- and postmenopausal women; however, about 5% of women are diagnosed with EC in their reproductive age. Due to both the increasing incidence of EC among reproductive age women and trends to delayed childbearing, fertility-sparing treatment for young patients with EC has become extremely important for researchers and practitioners. Because the classic treatment with total hysterectomy and bilateral saplingo-oophorectomy is not an appropriate approach for young women demanding fertility preservation, several fertility-sparing options have been developed and summarized in this review. Utilization of different medications and their combination (progestagens, gonadotropin releasing hormones analogues, and metformin in different formulations) are tested and found as efficient for fertility-sparing treatment. New minimally invasive surgical techniques, combined with progestagens, are also confirmed as valuable. There are many novel conservative and surgical treatment approaches under investigation. Assuming that molecular biomarkers can be both diagnostic and prognostic to assist in prediction of response to a certain therapy, prognostic risk groups' stratification along with specific biomarkers' identification will ensure low recurrence and decrease mortality rates in young women with EC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 30 2021

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