Control study on mixing enhancement in boundary layers of membrane systems

Hua Ouyang, Jie Bao, Gustavo A. Fimbres Weihs, Dianne E. Wiley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper proposes an activation scheme for improving the mixing in the boundary layer of pressure-driven membrane systems such as reverse osmosis and ultrafiltration. Through the application of an external electric field, a flow of ions in the vicinity of the membrane surface is generated, creating an electro-osmotic flow that should reduce the extent of concentration polarization. An optimal control problem is formulated and solved to determine the waveform of the control action required to produce an electric field that can effectively increase mixing in the vicinity of the membrane surface with improved energy efficiency. This paper uses a mixing index in terms of a measure of spatial gradients of the perturbation velocities, which describes the mixing caused by both length stretching and vortices. The efficacy of the proposed control is validated by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1197-1204
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Process Control
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Boundary Layer
Boundary layers
Membrane
Enhancement
Membranes
Electric Field
Electric fields
Electroosmotic Flow
Reverse osmosis
Ultrafiltration
Energy Efficiency
Computational Fluid Dynamics
Dynamic Simulation
Waveform
External Field
Stretching
Energy efficiency
Optimal Control Problem
Efficacy
Activation

Keywords

  • Boundary layer
  • Flow control
  • Mixing enhancement
  • Mixing index
  • Optimal control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

Control study on mixing enhancement in boundary layers of membrane systems. / Ouyang, Hua; Bao, Jie; Fimbres Weihs, Gustavo A.; Wiley, Dianne E.

In: Journal of Process Control, Vol. 23, No. 8, 2013, p. 1197-1204.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ouyang, Hua ; Bao, Jie ; Fimbres Weihs, Gustavo A. ; Wiley, Dianne E. / Control study on mixing enhancement in boundary layers of membrane systems. In: Journal of Process Control. 2013 ; Vol. 23, No. 8. pp. 1197-1204.
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