Creation of spherical carbon nanoparticles and clusters from carbon dioxide via UV dissociation at the critical point

Ortrud Aschenbrenner, Takahiro Fukuda, Takashi Hasumura, Toru Maekawa, Andrew B. Cundy, Raymond L.D. Whitby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanomaterials have become increasingly important for many applications, including sensors, electronics, biomedical materials and functional composites. Currently their production is based on hydrocarbons or graphite and requires very high temperatures. Here we present a method for the synthesis of carbon nanomaterials from carbon dioxide. Unlike previously described methods, our synthesis method works near room temperature. Carbon dioxide is irradiated at its critical point, producing spherical carbon nanoparticles even without the use of a catalyst. We examine the influence of irradiation parameters and different metals and catalysts on the nanocarbon production. Together with analysis of the fluid phase, this allows us to draw some conclusions on the carbon dioxide dissociation mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1196-1201
Number of pages6
JournalGreen Chemistry
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

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    Aschenbrenner, O., Fukuda, T., Hasumura, T., Maekawa, T., Cundy, A. B., & Whitby, R. L. D. (2012). Creation of spherical carbon nanoparticles and clusters from carbon dioxide via UV dissociation at the critical point. Green Chemistry, 14(4), 1196-1201. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2gc16593g