Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Pakistan

Mohammad A. Rai, Mohammad R. Khanani, Haider J. Warraich, Abbas Hayat, Syed H. Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Crimean-Congo virus, the causative agent of Crimean-Congo Virus Fever (CCVF) is endemic in Pakistan. Cases are documented sporadically ever year, mostly at and around the time of Eid-ul-Adha, an Islamic festival, celebrated on day 10 through 13 of the 12th month of each lunar calendar year. At this time of the year in Pakistan, livestock are brought down to the urban areas from the rural parts of the country. Animals are housed in open spaces and private houses until they are slaughtered during the 3 days of Eid-ul-Adha. This allows the CCHF virus, which is carried by a tick that inhabits the animal hide, to be transmitted through unprotected contact with live animals as well as through contact with animal blood subsequent to its slaughter. In this report, a typical case of CCVF is described that was encountered in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. A number of issues pertaining to the management of recurrent outbreaks of CCVF in the country are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1004-1006
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2008


  • Case-report
  • Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
  • Livestock
  • Pakistan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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