Current municipal solid waste management in the cities of Astana and Almaty of Kazakhstan and evaluation of alternative management scenarios

V. J. Inglezakis, K. Moustakas, G. Khamitova, D. Tokmurzin, Y. Sarbassov, R. Rakhmatulina, B. Serik, Y. Abikak, S. G. Poulopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present paper provides a detailed analysis of the current situation on municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Kazakhstan with focus on the two major cities, Astana and Almaty, the current and former capital of the country. Untill recently, ninety-seven percent of the MSW was disposed in open dumps and substandard authorized landfills. Ninety-three percent of the 4530 municipal waste disposal landfills were not permitted, while from the 307 authorized waste disposal facilities, only the one in the city of Astana was designed in accordance with international standards (2015). Core legislation, current management policy, existing and planned facilities and infrastructure, as well as solid waste quantity and composition are discussed. The analysis is complemented by the implementation of a decision support software tool, which provides insights in waste management needs and evaluates the alternative waste management plans. Six alternative scenarios were evaluated, and the results obtained demonstrate that the optimum scenario is separation at source for both biowaste, which is composted and packaging waste processed via the materials recovery facility. Regarding the residual waste, the optimum scenario for Astana is mechanical biological treatment (MBT)-composting-recyclables and waste-to-energy for the refuse-derived fuel (RDF). For Almaty, 80% of the waste should be processed through MBT-composting-recyclables, and 20% via incineration and RDF. The results obtained can contribute to solid waste management planning in Kazakhstan and other Central Asian countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalClean Technologies and Environmental Policy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Feb 14 2018

Fingerprint

Municipal solid waste
Waste management
municipal solid waste
waste management
Refuse derived fuels
Composting
Solid wastes
Land fill
composting
Waste disposal
waste disposal
solid waste
landfill
packaging waste
Waste incineration
incineration
Packaging
legislation
infrastructure
software

Keywords

  • Almaty
  • Astana
  • Decision support software tool
  • Kazakhstan
  • Municipal solid waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

@article{f130c13d1ff84683be36255a7a5bbb41,
title = "Current municipal solid waste management in the cities of Astana and Almaty of Kazakhstan and evaluation of alternative management scenarios",
abstract = "The present paper provides a detailed analysis of the current situation on municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Kazakhstan with focus on the two major cities, Astana and Almaty, the current and former capital of the country. Untill recently, ninety-seven percent of the MSW was disposed in open dumps and substandard authorized landfills. Ninety-three percent of the 4530 municipal waste disposal landfills were not permitted, while from the 307 authorized waste disposal facilities, only the one in the city of Astana was designed in accordance with international standards (2015). Core legislation, current management policy, existing and planned facilities and infrastructure, as well as solid waste quantity and composition are discussed. The analysis is complemented by the implementation of a decision support software tool, which provides insights in waste management needs and evaluates the alternative waste management plans. Six alternative scenarios were evaluated, and the results obtained demonstrate that the optimum scenario is separation at source for both biowaste, which is composted and packaging waste processed via the materials recovery facility. Regarding the residual waste, the optimum scenario for Astana is mechanical biological treatment (MBT)-composting-recyclables and waste-to-energy for the refuse-derived fuel (RDF). For Almaty, 80{\%} of the waste should be processed through MBT-composting-recyclables, and 20{\%} via incineration and RDF. The results obtained can contribute to solid waste management planning in Kazakhstan and other Central Asian countries.",
keywords = "Almaty, Astana, Decision support software tool, Kazakhstan, Municipal solid waste",
author = "Inglezakis, {V. J.} and K. Moustakas and G. Khamitova and D. Tokmurzin and Y. Sarbassov and R. Rakhmatulina and B. Serik and Y. Abikak and Poulopoulos, {S. G.}",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1007/s10098-018-1502-x",
language = "English",
pages = "1--14",
journal = "Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy",
issn = "1618-954X",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Current municipal solid waste management in the cities of Astana and Almaty of Kazakhstan and evaluation of alternative management scenarios

AU - Inglezakis, V. J.

AU - Moustakas, K.

AU - Khamitova, G.

AU - Tokmurzin, D.

AU - Sarbassov, Y.

AU - Rakhmatulina, R.

AU - Serik, B.

AU - Abikak, Y.

AU - Poulopoulos, S. G.

PY - 2018/2/14

Y1 - 2018/2/14

N2 - The present paper provides a detailed analysis of the current situation on municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Kazakhstan with focus on the two major cities, Astana and Almaty, the current and former capital of the country. Untill recently, ninety-seven percent of the MSW was disposed in open dumps and substandard authorized landfills. Ninety-three percent of the 4530 municipal waste disposal landfills were not permitted, while from the 307 authorized waste disposal facilities, only the one in the city of Astana was designed in accordance with international standards (2015). Core legislation, current management policy, existing and planned facilities and infrastructure, as well as solid waste quantity and composition are discussed. The analysis is complemented by the implementation of a decision support software tool, which provides insights in waste management needs and evaluates the alternative waste management plans. Six alternative scenarios were evaluated, and the results obtained demonstrate that the optimum scenario is separation at source for both biowaste, which is composted and packaging waste processed via the materials recovery facility. Regarding the residual waste, the optimum scenario for Astana is mechanical biological treatment (MBT)-composting-recyclables and waste-to-energy for the refuse-derived fuel (RDF). For Almaty, 80% of the waste should be processed through MBT-composting-recyclables, and 20% via incineration and RDF. The results obtained can contribute to solid waste management planning in Kazakhstan and other Central Asian countries.

AB - The present paper provides a detailed analysis of the current situation on municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Kazakhstan with focus on the two major cities, Astana and Almaty, the current and former capital of the country. Untill recently, ninety-seven percent of the MSW was disposed in open dumps and substandard authorized landfills. Ninety-three percent of the 4530 municipal waste disposal landfills were not permitted, while from the 307 authorized waste disposal facilities, only the one in the city of Astana was designed in accordance with international standards (2015). Core legislation, current management policy, existing and planned facilities and infrastructure, as well as solid waste quantity and composition are discussed. The analysis is complemented by the implementation of a decision support software tool, which provides insights in waste management needs and evaluates the alternative waste management plans. Six alternative scenarios were evaluated, and the results obtained demonstrate that the optimum scenario is separation at source for both biowaste, which is composted and packaging waste processed via the materials recovery facility. Regarding the residual waste, the optimum scenario for Astana is mechanical biological treatment (MBT)-composting-recyclables and waste-to-energy for the refuse-derived fuel (RDF). For Almaty, 80% of the waste should be processed through MBT-composting-recyclables, and 20% via incineration and RDF. The results obtained can contribute to solid waste management planning in Kazakhstan and other Central Asian countries.

KW - Almaty

KW - Astana

KW - Decision support software tool

KW - Kazakhstan

KW - Municipal solid waste

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042125008&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042125008&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10098-018-1502-x

DO - 10.1007/s10098-018-1502-x

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 14

JO - Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

JF - Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

SN - 1618-954X

ER -