Dealloying-derived nanoporous deficient titanium oxide as high-performance bifunctional sulfur host-catalysis material in lithium-sulfur battery

Ning Liu, Heng Ma, Lu Wang, Yan Zhao, Zhumabay Bakenov, Xin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this work, we report a facile dealloying strategy to tailor the surface state of nanoporous TiO2 towards high-efficiency sulfur host material for lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. When used as a sulfur cathode material, the oxygen-deficient TiO2-x exhibits enhanced lithium polysulfides (LiPS) adsorption and conversion kinetics that effectively tackle the shuttle effect in lithium-sulfur batteries. The excellent ability of the oxygen vacancy sites on TiO2-x surface to trap LiPS is proved by experimental observations and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Meanwhile, it also promotes conversion kinetics of lithium polysulfides, as verified by the asymmetric cell experiment. Accordingly, compared with the S/TiO2 cathode, the oxygen-deficient S/TiO2-x electrode exhibits preeminent rate and cycling performance in lithium-sulfur batteries: it delivers an ultra-low capacity decay of 0.039 % per cycle after 1000 cycles at 1 C. Tunning the surface state of metal oxides by dealloying method offers a new facile strategy to design efficient sulfur cathode materials for lithium-sulfur batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-132
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Volume84
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 10 2021

Keywords

  • Cathode
  • Dealloying
  • Li-S battery
  • Oxygen defects
  • TiO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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