Defective ZnOx@porous carbon nanofiber network inducing dendrite-free zinc plating as zinc metal anode for high-performance aqueous rechargeable Zn/Na4Mn9O18 battery based on hybrid electrolyte

Hebei tech, Yanxu Chen, Zhifeng Wang, Weimin Zhao, Chunling Qin, Hui Yu, Xin Wang, Zhumabay Bakenov, Yongguang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aqueous rechargeable batteries (ARBs) have appealed extensive research interests due to its superiorities of high safety, environmental protection and low redox potential. A Zn/Na4Mn9O18 ARB with metal Zn as anode, Na4Mn9O18 (NMO) as cathode and Na+/Zn2+ hybrid-ion as electrolytes has been the focus of attention in recent years. Nevertheless, serious dendrite formation and side reactions impede the application of a Zn anode and the development of the ARBs. In this study, an independent self-supporting defective ZnOx dispersed porous carbon nanofibers (ZnOx@PCNF) is designed as the main body of zinc metal anode to solve this problem. It is revealed from ab initio molecular dynamics simulation (AIMD) that ZnO with oxygen defect can promote the surfacely uniform Zn deposition. In this situation, the ZnOx@PCNF/Zn||Zn symmetrical battery shows high reversibility and free of Zn dendrites. A full cell is assembled by selecting the NMO cathode and ZnOx@PCNF/Zn anode, and it remains a high reversible capacity of 44.5 mAh g−1 after 200 cycles at 4 C, showing one of the best electrochemical performance of ARBs by using Zn-NMO system. The research has important guiding significance for design and fabricate of defects-containing materials and has a positive impact on the exploitation of high performance ARBs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number230761
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume518
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2022

Keywords

  • Aqueous rechargeable battery
  • Carbon nanofiber
  • Defect
  • Zinc anode
  • ZnO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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